Not only have many Christians left, but those who remain are in a dire situation. In the words of His All-Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew to the 3rd Archon International Conference on Religious Freedom in Washington, DC in December 2017:

All Christian brothers and sisters in the Middle East are facing dire consequences due to the constant upheavals and disastrous war-making that have afflicted the region for a season of intolerable length….In trust we turn to the almighty and merciful God in a prayer for peace in the Holy Land and in the Middle East in general. We especially pray for the Churches in Egypt, Syria, and Iraq, which have suffered most grievously due to recent events. We encourage all parties regardless of their religious convictions to continue to work for reconciliation and for the just recognition of peoples’ rights. We are persuaded that it is not arms, but dialogue, pardon and reconciliation that are the only possible means to achieve peace. Our appeal continues to this day, more urgent than ever.

For previous coverage of the persecution of Christians in Syria, see here.

“Last Christian in Idlib recalls his community,” by Mouneb Taim, Al-Monitor, January 17, 2022:

Michel Boutros is a 90-year-old Christian in Syria’s Idlib who has turned into an icon of steadfastness despite the bloodshed of the war that has been plaguing his country for 10 years now.

Boutros is the only Christian who insisted on staying in the city of Idlib in northern Syria. In an interview with Al-Monitor, Boutros said he was born in 1931 and can barely read the Bible. The walls of his house are decorated with crosses and Christian religious images in a city devoid of Christians….

He continued, “My family is from Idlib city. My family and I used to live here in this house, which became a part of me, and I shall not leave it, come what may. My brothers moved to live in Aleppo while my father, his wife and I chose to stay.”…

Boutros, who has not left his house for the past 10 years, said, “We witnessed battles and all kinds of calamities, but we did not leave Idlib during the clashes between the Syrian regime and the opposition in the city in 2015. I stayed here in this house, and I was very happy, relaxed and reassured — all things considered. At the time, my neighborhood was surrounded with cluster bombs, missiles and weapons, but I never ran away.”

“I am managing to get by. Let’s be clear: I do not live a fancy life, but I can cook a meal and shower by myself.” He does not have electricity because it is too expensive, but he says he is “better off without electricity. I use kerosene oil in my house for lighting, and that’s all I need. I thank the Lord for that. The Lord takes care of me while I am here in my house.”

Boutros does not believe Idlib will ever return to what it was before the war. “This current situation in which we live will linger on, and the harm cannot be undone,” he added. “But we thank the Lord for everything and are confident that he shall take care of us. The Lord is our father and our brother, and he is managing everyone’s affairs in this war.”…

He said that churches in Idlib are closed because there are no Christians. “I personally pray here at home,” he said.

According to unofficial local statistics, about 10,000 Christians lived in the Idlib governorate, but their numbers started to decline in 2012. Most of Idlib’s residents left in 2015 after the opposition took control of the city.

The number of Christians in the Idlib governorate continued to decline, and they now account for less than 1% of its residents. There are about 200 Christians still scattered throughout the governorate, with an average age of 70 years, while there are only 10 between 20 and 40 years of age.